Before you fly a drone, you should know whether or not there are any restrictions in the country where you are flying. If you don't follow the rules, you may be putting lives at risk. In addition, you may be subject to heavy fines, so it pays to be sure of the rules.
Here are the drone regulations from aviation authorities for various countries. This information will be periodically updated to reflect changes.
* LAST UPDATED: Jan 11, 2016 *
Canada (Transport Canada):
- Fly your drone during daylight and in good weather (not in clouds or fog).
- Keep your drone in sight, where you can see it with your own eyes – not only through an on-board camera, monitor or smartphone.
- Make sure your drone is safe for flight before take-off. Ask yourself, for example, are the batteries fully charged? Is it too cold to fly?
- Know if you need to apply for a Special Flight Operations Certificate
- Respect the privacy of others – avoid flying over private property or taking photos or videos without permission.
- Fly near areas with large groups of people, including sporting events, concerts, festivals, and firework shows.
- Fly near moving vehicles, near highways, bridges, busy streets, or anywhere you could endanger or distract drivers.
- Fly over military bases, prisons, forest fires, or anywhere you could interfere with first responders.
- Fly closer than 150 metres from animals
- Fly within 150 metres from people, buildings, structures, or vehicles.
- Fly higher than 90 metres above the ground.
- Fly closer than nine kilometres from an airport, heliport, or aerodrome.
In addition, recreational use of a UAV/drone is prohibited in national parks. The National Parks of Canada Aircraft Access Regulations prohibits aircraft landings and take-offs in national parks except by permission of the Superintendent for park management purposes or in emergencies.
Flying UAV not more than 35kg recreationally - permit not required
Work or research use - permit required, with the following exemptions
From the Transport Canada website:
To use your UAV for any form of work or research, you are legally required to apply for a Special Flight Operations Certificate (SFOC). This applies to all UAVs used for anything but the fun of flying and regardless of how much they weigh. Transport Canada inspectors will review your SFOC application and determine what safety conditions are needed to reduce the risks.
You must send a detailed application to the Transport Canada Civil Aviation office in the region where you intend to fly your UAV. Your application must include your contact information and describe how, when and where you plan to use your UAV, as well as how you plan to deal with the safety risks.
People who should have an SFOC but don't:
- Individuals: Up to $5,000.
- Businesses: Up to $25,000.
People who don't follow the conditions of their SFOC:
- Individuals: Up to $3,000.
- Businesses: $15,000.
Proposed amendments for 2016: http://wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/Saf-Sec-Sur/2/NPA-APM/actr.aspx?id=17&aType=1&la...